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The environmental impact of warehouses Greenhouse gas emissions ª To construct the warehouse ª Within warehouse operations Traffic of heavy and lighter goods vehicles Heating and lighting energy impacts of different building The roles and functions of warehouses " An important operational part of supporting a companys supply chain strategy " They greatly influence service levels and the costs of the network " The most prominent differentiator is whether they actually store stock " Fulfilment centers " Warehouses can also cover value-added activities Green warehousing technologies A warehouse management system (WMS); Order-picking technology; Bar coding; Radio frequency identification (RFID) Social dimension of sustainability in warehousing Employ more people with a wider set of skills; Issues of health and safety; Use of handling equipment and supportive technological applications; Keep staff and to provide an attractive workplace, etc. Risks and vulnerability in warehousing " Globalization, extremely lean supply chains with low inventory levels and a trend for centralization of inventory has increased the vulnerability of supply chains and increased the impact if a warehouse fails to operate properly. " Damage or loss of a warehouse can cause significant disruptions to a business and threaten its economic wellbeing Example: US data center: A new form of warehousing emerged: the storage of electronic data Although the storage of paper documents may be reduced, data storage nevertheless has an impact on the environment too. Although only little physical traffic goes in and out of the site after the construction phase energy consumed by US data centers alone in 2014 is estimated at 70 billion kWh, the equivalent to 2 percent of the countrys overall energy consumption, or that of 6.4 million average homes Opportunities for energy efficiency improvements Cooling; Server load and computing equipment; Power conversion and distribution; Alternative power generation Cooling: Facebook " Cooling is one reason why Facebook built its own 30,000 square-metre data center in northern Sweden " Temperatures are low most of the year and even in summer do not rise over 20 degrees Celsius " Source its energy for the site primarily from a nearby hydropower plant, reducing its carbon emissions even further Power conversion and distribution: Facebook & Google Power usage effectiveness (PUE), which is the total power used by the data center divided by the energy used for IT systems The lower the consumption of auxiliary systems, the lower the PUE score becomes Facebooks in northern Sweden achieves a PUE score of 1.07 and Google claims to reach a PUE of 1.12 across all its data centers Alternative power generation: Apple & Google 10 Apple, on the other hand, has built up its own green energy supply by building a large solar array park in North Carolina to supply its nearby data center and powers all its data centers with 100 per cent renewable energy. Google has been doing this since 2017. Microsoft has pledged to do this by 2025. Microsoft is already doing this for electricity, but not for energy Made with nCreator - tiplanet.org